Posted 18/01/2019 in Category 1

Sports Injury: What is Bursitis

Sports Injury: What is Bursitis

Bursitis is effectively the inflammation of a bursa. A bursa is a fluid filled sac providing a cushion between tendon and bone within the body. The areas of the body in which bursitis is most common include the hip, shoulder, elbow and knee. A bursa allows for bodily movements to be painless and easy, whereas bursitis results in the process becoming painful with friction. Much research found on bursitis was limited to subacromial bursitis of the shoulder, the most commonly injured bursa in the shoulder area (Anderson & Hall, 1997). Despite research mostly relating to this specific form of bursitis, knowledge regarding symptoms and treatment may be related or useful to bursitis in other areas of the body. The main causes of bursitis include repetitive movements and recurring pressure on the related area leading to a build-up of fluid resulting in tension and pain. Inflammation may also spread to other tendons in the area. Another main cause of bursitis is injury to the related area (Peterson & Renstrom, 2001). Bursitis of the shoulder can be diagnosed via a series of symptoms. Pain would occur in the upper shoulder with the shoulder being tender to touch. Other symptoms include the related area having an almost spongy sensation hen touched. Bursitis should be confirmed by diagnosis from a doctor’s examination (Peterson & Renstrom, 2001).

As with any injury, the athlete should attempt to rest the injured area and avoid any strenuous activity which may further damage the area. A medical specialist may prescribe anti- inflammatory medicine and provide exercises to increase range of movement. In more serious cases, a steroid injection may be used to relieve pain or in some cases an operation to actually remove the bursa (Peterson & Renstrom, 2001). In cases when bursitis is imminently treated symptoms may remove themselves after approximately 2 weeks.

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Anderson, M. K., & Hall, S. J. (1997). Fundamentals of sports injury management. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Peterson, L., & Renstrom, P. (2001). Sports injuries: Their prevention and treatment. CRC Press